The table below shows the most common types of wounds encountered.
Type of Wound
|Injury in which the skin is scraped off due to rubbing against a rough surface
|Serious injury in which the skin is torn from the tissues beneath it
|Damage to tissue caused by exposure to heat, chemicals, or electricity
|Clean cut in skin caused by sharp object. An incistion is generally wider than it is deep
|Injury caused by tissue tearing
|Wound that extends into an internal organ or body cavity
|Hole in tissue created when a sharp, slender object penetrates the skin and possibly the underlying tissues, depending on the length of the object. A puncture wound is generally deeper than it is wide
|Chronic cavitary skin sore
Some Wounds May Require Professional Medical Care
Superficial skin wounds usually heal within five to ten days, aided by simple cleaning and first aid measures. Certain wounds, however, require evaluation and treatment by a medical professional.
Examples of wounds that may warrant professional medical evaluation include:
- deep puncture wounds or bites.
- a cut that is large, deep or gaping, or contains debris you cannot rinse away with water.
- Injuries that continue to bleed after five to ten minutes of firm pressure
- Skin wounds resulting from substantial trauma
- Wounds accompanied by loss of feeling or function in the involved area
- Wounds that could be infected:
- Draining pus
- Expanding redness around a wound,
- Accompanied by an onset of fever
Home Care Aide Wound Care Assistance
Home care aides can assist in wound care. Some of the tasks they can perform include the following:
- Washing hands and putting on gloves
- Removing old gauze wraps and gauze pads or bandages and putting in plastic zip bag
- Cleaning off wound area
- Applying Vaseline or ointment to new gauze pad or bandage
- Applying new gauze pad or bandage to wound
- Wrapping new gauze pad or bandage with gauze wrap
- Tying off or taping shut gauze wrap
- Disposing of old gauze and bandage materials
Help for Family Caregivers
AARP’s Home Alone Alliancesm has created a “How-To” videos and resource guides for family caregivers on specific tasks. You can find their video for Wound Care by clicking the links below.
This video series seeks to provide family caregivers with an overview of managing care given to seniors. It was developed by Alliance members—the AARP Public Policy Institute and the Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing at UC, Davis.
AARP Wound Care Video
This video series—available in English and Spanish, seeks to provide family caregivers performing wound care tasks with simple, concrete instruction on a variety of topics. It was developed by Alliance members—the AARP Public Policy Institute and the Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing at UC, Davis.
- General Principles of Wound Care
- Pressure Ulcers: Prevention and Skin Care
- Caring for and Maintaining Ostomy Bags
- Diabetic Foot Care: Treatment and Prevention
- Caring for Lower Extremity Wounds and Cellulitis
- Treatment of Skin Tears
- Principios generales para curar una herida
- Cuidado de pie diabético: Prevención y tratamiento
- AARP Resource Guides
- General Principles of Wound Care (PDF)
- Pressure Ulcers: Prevention and Skin Care (PDF)
- Caring for an Ostomy and Changing Ostomy Bags (PDF)
- Diabetic Foot Care: Treatment and Prevention (PDF)
- Caring for Lower Extremity Wounds and Cellulitis (PDF)
- Treatment of Skin Tears (PDF)
Chandler, Stephen. 5 Types of Wounds. https://healthfully.com/5-types-of-wounds-4573368.html.Healthfully. 18 Dec 2018. Web. 4 Feb 2020.
Reinhard, Susan. Latest How-To Videos for Family Caregivers Provide Guidance on Complex Medical Tasks. aarp.org . AARP Pubic Policy Institute. 16 Sep 2019. Web. 3 Feb 2020.
Sampling of Wound Care Products
Below is a sampling of wound care products and equipment that are used in providing meal preparation and eating services. Click on the links to find out more information, see other products selections, and if you like, to make a purchase from one of our providers.